Bio-Foam Impression Kit
BIO-FOAM Impression Foam offers a method of obtaining a three-dimensional exemplar of the known footwear. Using the BIO-FOAM Impression Kit is easy, takes only seconds, and does not get the footwear dirty. Each BIO-FOAM Impression Kit comes in a cardboard container which is suitable for storage and will protect the impression while it is in the evidence storage room. The foam is blue in color and measures 14" x 6" x 2 1/4".
Press the footwear into the BIO-FOAM Impression material about 1-2 inches. Gently remove the shoe. Liberally coat the BIO-FOAM Impression with hair spray. Wait until the hair spray dries and prepare a quantity of dental stone (see next paragraph). Pour in the casting powder and allow it to cure. Remove the cast from the BIO-FOAM Impression and allow it to dry for about 48 hours. Once the cast is completely dried, rinse it with running water and gently scrub it with a bottle brush to remove any excess foam.
When the mixture approaches the consistency of thin pancake batter it is ready and should be poured before it becomes thicker. Pour the mixture into the foam by pouring it onto a flat stick or spoon held close to the surface of the foam. The mixture must be allowed to flow evenly over the impression. In approximately 30 minutes, the cast may be checked. Once the cast is firm, carefully remove it from the BIO-FOAM Impression material. The cast should be allowed to air dry for 48 hours.
The cast should never be placed in an airtight container or wrapped in plastic. Paper bags can be used but they do not afford the best protection. The bag can easily tear and the cast can fall out or otherwise be damaged. Dried casts should be stored in cardboard boxes. Cast boxes are available with the dimensions of 17 1/4" x 11" x 2 1/4". They are sold in quantities of 25.
The camera used should be placed on a tripod, which will allow the film plane to be parallel with the surface containing the evidence impression. Some impression evidence examiners prefer black and white photographs over color photographs, as they feel the range of grays with black and white film shows the details better than color films. Illumination of the impression should be done at an oblique angle from a number of directions. In other words, hold the strobe at an oblique angle to the left of the print and take a picture. Take additional exposures with the strobe held at an oblique angle to the right, to the top and to the bottom of the impressions. If added details can be seen by holding the light in other directions, take additional pictures.
With photography of this nature, scales should be included in the photograph. The Bureau photomacrographic scale set was designed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation for this particular purpose. The "L" shaped scale and straight scale are white with black marks on one side and black with white marks on the other. Choose the side that will show the best contrast with the surface and place it close to, but not overlapping, the evidence impression. A larger, 3-Part, folding scale which is handy for tire track impressions is also available. The advantage of an "L" shaped scale is that if the scale divisions on each leg of the scale are not equal in the photograph or if the circles with cross hairs are not absolutely round, you will know that the camera was not parallel to the impression. If the angle of error is not severe, it can be corrected in the darkroom. Tilt the paper carrier to bring the "L" shaped scale back to parallel perspective.
LP-4-1120, LP 4-1120, LP-41120, 4-1120, 41120